Looking forward to adopting a Border Collie? Well, you are at the right place! Before you bring home any dog breed, it’s essential to learn about their personality and everyday needs. 

This is why, in this article, we have covered everything you need to know about the majestic dog breed that has held over the hearts of many dog enthusiasts. So, without further ado, let’s get started.


Height18-22 inches
Weight30-45 lbs
Life span12-15 years
Exercise needs2 hours daily
TemperamentIntelligent, Affectionate, Alert
GroomingModerate maintenance
OriginScotland and England

Origin Of The Border Collie

The origin of the Border Collie dog breed is intertwined with the historical context of the border regions between Scotland and England. It will not come as a surprise if they were named after the same border. The area of that border mostly had rugged terrains and farmlands, where these herding dogs were developed. The primary purpose was to develop a breed that is versatile, can herd, and is capable of working in harsh conditions. And hence the extensive selective breeding of working collies.

In addition to this, these dogs have evolved over the centuries to become more intelligent and agile and have indestructible herding abilities. These dogs made a place in the hearts of historical figures such as James Hogg. He was a Scottish poet whose writings and observations of working dogs played a crucial role in popularizing the Border Collie dog breed. Today, these dogs are recognized by big dog clubs and organizations and are admired for their skills and loyal companionship.

Appearance of the Border Collie

The bushy and fluffy appearance of Border Collies set them apart from other dog breeds. Here are more details about that:

1. Size and body

The Border Collie dog breed is a medium-sized dog with a sturdy and well-proportioned build. These dogs typically stand a height of 18-22 inches and weigh about 30-45 pounds. Looking at their size and physical attributes, these fluffy buddies can intimidate you in the first meet-up. 

2. Coat

These dogs have a double coat that protects them from harsh weather conditions and elements that might cause them harm. The outer coat is dense and weather-resistant, which is rough to touch, while the undercoat is soft and warm. As for the colors, they come in various shades such as black and white, red and white, blue merle, and sable.

3. Other features

Additionally, these dogs have an expressive appearance that is often exaggerated by their almond eyes. Also, their semi-erect ears and muscular necks make them look confident and alert.

Personality and Temperament

Below is everything you need to know about the temperament and unique personality traits of this herding dog:

1. Intelligent and independent

Known for their exceptional intelligence, the Border Collie dog breed is admired for its strong and independent personality. However, the same independent nature can manifest into stubbornness if not managed well by the owner.

2. Highly trainable

Another personality trait of these dogs is that they are highly trainable, eager to learn and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. So, if you give them consistent training, clear communication, and plenty of treats and praise, these dogs can reach their full potential. 

3. Family dogs

One of the best traits of this herding dog is that it is excellent with families! Especially if your family is active with dogs and can spend quality time with them– Collies would love them! They can form emotionally strong bonds with human family members and young children. 

4. Alert

Last but not least, these dogs are naturally alert and vigilant, as they have earned from their herding heritage. In addition, these doggos can also develop an unwanted overprotective nature, which should be controlled and managed with proper training. 

You might often find your Collie doing the “Border Collie eye,” where they intensely stare at random objects or people—almost with a hypnotic gaze!
a Border Collie sitting outdoors

Grooming Needs of the Border Collie

Here are the grooming needs and requirements of the Border Collie dog breed:

1. Brushing

Being high-maintenance dog breeds, these dogs require brushing at least 2-3 times a week or more. This also depends on the shedding season, as they shed the most during seasonal changes. Also, as they are not hypoallergenic, they might not be a great choice if you or someone in the family has sensitivities. 

2. Bathing

The good news is that Border Collies do not require frequent baths as their coat is dirt resistant. This means you only need to bathe them if they smell bad or look dirty, or it’s been 2-3 months since they bathed. 

3. Overall hygiene

Moreover, you should keep an eye out for ear infections, eye boogers, cavities, etc., as these can become big problems if they are not cleaned regularly. Also, do not forget to trim their nails regularly. 

Exercise and Training Needs

To train the Border Collie dog breed, you will need to plan and schedule 2 hours of exercises every day. This can include:

1. Early socialization and obedience training

These are essential to keep border Collies on their best behavior. However, this should be started at a young age by teaching them basic commands and taking them on dog dates to interact with fellow mates. 

2. Mental and physical stimulation

Mental and physical stimulation is yet another training requirement as these dogs are packed with energy, so it should be directed correctly. You can organize interactive games and plays that would be engaging for both you and your pooch.

3. Herding instincts

Lastly, as you know, Border Collie is a herding dog, and you should also know about herding instinct management. This includes teaching your dog protectiveness and not overprotectiveness, which will encourage good behavior. 

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, if you are a first-time dog owner, then Border Collie might not be the best choice for you. This is because these dogs can be a bit challenging to handle due to their workaholic, strong personality, and independent nature. 

However, if you are someone with experience, these dogs can be great dogs for training sessions and can be a great fit for active families. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Border Collie live in an apartment?

As the Border Collie dog breed is an energetic dog breed, they require plenty of space to exercise and play. While they can eventually adapt to an apartment, an ideal space would be a home with access to a fenced yard.

What two breeds make a Border Collie?

The Border Collie dog breed is a descendant of working collies that were bred and crossed in the border regions. These dogs have remarkable herding skills and are very intelligent.

Can Border Collie swim?

Border Collies can swim very well if they are trained to. In fact, they may enjoy water activities like retrieving toys from the water. It is essential that you give them proper training before leaving them in the pool to swim.

Are Border Collies OK to be left alone?

The Border Collie dog breed, just like any other dog, thrives on human interaction. It is not advisable to leave them alone for long periods frequently, as it can trigger separation anxiety.

What not to do with Border Collies?

We do not recommend leaving the Border Collie dog breed alone for extended periods of time, as it can lead to separation anxiety. Also, you should not leave them alone with one person and let them live a dependent life. It’s essential that you encourage their independent nature.

Share the Post: